Vajrasana and the ancient railings that surround the
the Buddha spent five years after attaining enlightenment.
remains at Rajgir commemorate various incidents, the hill of Gridhrakuta
being perhaps the most important, as this is where the Buddha delivered most
of his sermons.
is the gateway to Buddhist centres across
. The Kumrahar excavations south of
city, revealed the foundation of the brick Buddhist monastery known as Anand
Bihar. Lord Buddha himself taught here and Hieun Tsang, the 7th century Chinese
traveller, was a student. Ongoing excavations have uncovered temples, monasteries
and lecture halls.
To the south
is Nalanda, which translates as ‘the place that confers the lotus’ (of
bound by the hills of
on the north and the river Gandak on the west, is renowned as the place where the
Buddha delivered his last sermon.