Periyar, best known for its wildlife, is a must-see
for all visitors to Kerala.Set
high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in Kerala, is the
and Tiger Reserve.
The park has a picturesque lake at the heart of the
sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir
meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a perennial
source of water for the local wildlife.
of elephant and sambar, gaur and wild pigs wander down to the lakeside and
can be observed from the launches that cruise the lake. In March and April,
during the driest period here, the animals spend a lot of time near the lake
and the elephants can be seen bathing and swimming in the reservoir.
glimpse may be had even of the tiger during this season, as it comes to the
also harbours the leopard, wild dog, barking deer and mouse beer. On the
rocky outcrops along the lake, monitor lizards can be seen basking in the
Visitors who trek into the Park often see a python and sometimes even
see a python and sometimes even a king cobra.
the unusual species found at Periyar are the flying lizard and the flying
snake. With wings of orange or yellow, the flying lizard is seen as it
glides from one tree to the other. The flying snake is also brilliantly
coloured in yellow and black with a pattern of red rosettes.
lake attracts birds like the darter, cormorant, grey heron and idis and they
are seen perched on the snags of dead wood that dot the lake. The great
Malabar hornbill and grey hornbill are often seen flopping their ponderous
way between trees.
There are kingfishers, ospreys and kites as well as
orioles, hill mynas, racket tailed drongos, parakeets, including the unusual
blue winged parakeet and flycatchers. The liquid notes of the Malabar
whistling thrush and the loud call of the hornbills are distinctive amid the
normal sounds of the jungle.
Four species of primates are found to Periyar
– the rare lion tailed macaque, the Nilgiri langur, common langur and
bonnet macaque. Though this is also the habitat of the Nilgiri
elusive goat is rarely seen.
animals are viewed from motor launches on the lake and from watchtowers. A
summer palace of the former Maharaja of Travancore, set along the lake, is a
hotel and a fine place to stay.
|Best time to visit
||October to April
||Forest Rest Houses, Aranya
||Kumily ( 4 km)
||Elephant, tiger, panther,
wild dog, sloth bear,nilgai, wild boar,
||sambar and barking deer.
||Kochi (200 km) or Madurai (TN)(140
rail head is at Kottayam (114 km),
is located at 114 Km from Kottayam