festivities and celebrations are a colourful reflection of the people and
their lives. Throughout the year,
festivals are celebrated by different people in different ways, most of them
centering around their modes of living and livelihood.
Celebrated in the
month of February
ten day event that starts on 18th February each year in
the Taj Mahotsav is a much awaited event.
’s extensive arts, crafts and culture are on display. Folk music, shayari
and classical dance performances along with elephant and camel rides, games
and a food festival, all add to the excitement of the occasion.
Celebrated in the
month of March
This week-long annual event
is a display of the arts, crafts and culture of a splendid city-
. The cultural programmes include folk songs, dances, mushairas and
, ) Celebrated in the month of November
’s living culture. The capital city of
is alight with excitement during this tin day long event. Colourful
processions, traditional dramas, Kathak dances in the style of the famous
gharana, sarangi and sitar recitals alongwith ghazals, qawalis and thumri
create a festive atmosphere. Exciting events like ekka races, kite flying,
cock fighting and other traditional village games recreate an atmosphere of
Avadh’s nawabi days.
ceremonial welcome to spring when people, colourfully attired, especially in
bright shades of yellow, dance, sing and make merry.
in the month of March
March, during spring, comes Holi- the festival of
colours. Celebrated all
, Holi is a time to make merry. People smear each other with coloured
powder. Singing and dancing add to the gaiety of the occasion.
Holi celebrations in
and the small towns of Braj Bhoomi- the
, are spectacular. The Rang Gulal Festival is celebrated for over a week
with exuberant processions, songs and music. Especially famous is the
Lathmaar Holi of Barsana and Nandgaon.
the day India became a republic (26th January), the Republic Day
is celebrated with a splendid parade a
colourful affair with soldiers marching in unison, followed by folk dancers,
school children and floats from various states.
in the month of March
Friday is observed by Christians nationwide with special services in the
-Celebrated in the month of April
Hindu New Year finds expression in this exuberant festival, celebrated
. Baisakhi celebrations in
are spectacular, as this is a very special day for the Sikhs. It was on this
day that Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa. Robust revelry and feasting
mark the celebrations and dancers perform the vigorous Bhangra to the
rhythmic beat of the drums.
Jayanti-Celebrated in the month of April
birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, is observed by
the Jain community. Special prayers are offered at temples and shrines.
in the month of April
anniversary of Lord Rama’s birth is celebrated as Ramnavami by the Hindus.
The epic’ Ramayana’is read for eight days preceding the festival.
Celebrated in the month of May
festival marks the end of ‘Ramzan’- a month when Muslims fast throughout
the day and eat only at night. Prayers, family get- to getters and feasts
are the major highlights of the celebrations.
in the month of August
birth of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great fervour all over the country.
and Brindavan-where Lord Krishna spent his childhood and youth, the
Janmashtami celebrations are quit elaborate. The
Lela – stories of his eventful youth are enacted.
Day -Celebrated in the month of August
attained freedom (15th August), Independence Day is celebrated
with flag hoisting ceremonics and cultural programmes in the state capitals.
The Prime Minister’s speech at the Red Fort in
is the major highlight.
- Celebrated in the month of October
to mark the defeat of Ravana by Lord Rama, Dussehra symbolizes the triumph
of good over evil. The Ramlila –an enactment of the life of Lord
held during the nine days preceding Dussehra. On the tenth day, larger than
life effigies of Ravana, his son and brother – Meghnath and
are set alight.
in the month of october
the martyrdom of the Prophet Mhammed’s
grandson – Imam Hussein. Tazias, glittering replicas of the
martyr’s tomb, are carried in procession through the streets. The tazias
are noted for their splendour.
-Celebrated in the month of October
festival of lights is the prettiest and the most eagerly a waited occasion
. It celebrates the return of Lord Rama, the hero of
the epic Ramayana, to Ayodhya after a fourteen year exile. The
flickering lights of the traditional clay lamps or ‘diyas’ illuminate
the houses and fireworks resound through the night. The goddess of wealth
and prosperity – Lakshmi, is worshipped on this day. Houses are white
washed and elaborate designs drawn at the thresholds to welcome the goddess.
The exchanging of gifts and sweets among friends and relatives and playing
of games of chance at night, are all an integral part of the celebrations.
Jayanti-Celebrated in the month of October
birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi – the ‘Father of the nation’ (2nd
October). The President and Prime Minister, along with other eminent
political leaders, pay homage at Raj Ghat – the Samadhi of Mahatma
Gandhi.All the offices and schools, throughout the country, remain closed on
Purab -Celebrated in the month of November
birth anniversary of Guru Nanak – the first guru of the Sikhs, is
celebrated with great fervour. The ‘Akhand Path’ – recitation of the
Guru Granth Sahib, is held in gurdwaras all over the country. Taking the
holy book out in procession,is also an integral part of the celebrations.
-Celebrated in the month of December
is celebrated in
with great fervour. All the major Indian cities wear a festive look. Shops
and bazaars and offer attractive bargains.
singing, get-togethers and the exchanging of gifts enhance the Christmas
spirit. Christmas parties launch off celebrations for the New Year, thus
retaining the festival mood for at least a week.